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8 Carbon taxes offer a potentially cost-effective means of reducing greenhouse gas emissions.
One tC is roughly equivalent.7 tCO2.
Contribution of Working Group III to the Second Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (J.P."British Columbia Carbon Tax" (PDF).Finland did place a border tax on imported electricity, but this was found to be out of line with EU single market legislation.Support edit Former US Vice President Al Gore strongly backed a carbon tax in his book, Earth in the Balance.Additional taxation amendment could follow with a "tax on emissions" bottom line, in possible implementations of tax discrimination according to a vehicles' size and a carbon tax on the currently tax-free thermal power plants.227 Carbon Tax Now is an online petition for citizens from around the globe to show support for implementing a carbon tax in their aarp christmas gift ideas country of citizenship.164 165 The tax was to be imposed on energy producers starting October 1, 2007, with revenue collected used for energy-efficiency programs including public transit.138 As of 2013, roughly 55 of CO2 emissions in Norway are taxed and emissions that are not covered by a carbon tax are included in the EU ETS.Simpson, Jeffery (January 22, 2010).139 This tax is charged per liter of oil and natural gas liquids produced, as well as per standard cubic meter of gas burnt off or otherwise directly emitted into the air.Norway edit Norway introduced a CO2 tax on hydrocarbon fuels in 1991.125 Sweden edit In January 1991, Sweden enacted a CO2 tax.25 SEK/kg (40 per ton at the time, or EUR 27 at current rates) on the use of oil, coal, natural gas, liquefied petroleum gas, petrol, and aviation fuel used in domestic travel.This results in a low surcharge that has been generally well received.The proposal would have set an emissions price of NZ15 per tonne of CO2-equivalent."20.6.1 History and present state of aggregate impact estimates".
144 However, this surcharge can be supplemented with a CO2 tax on transport fuels if emissions reductions are not satisfactory.Retrieved August 26, 2009.Studies typically find that poor consumers spend a greater proportion of their income on energy-intensive goods and fuel, and cost increases in energy tend to impact the poor worse than the rich.Eco-Economy: Building an Economy for the Earth, Chapter.231 In the absence of uncertainty these two systems will achieve the same effect and result in the efficient market quantity of CO2 and price charged per unit of CO2 emitted."Carbon levy and rebates".Since carbon is in fixed ratio to the quantity of fuel, the FDE roughly approximated a carbon tax.
Historically, they have used these fuel taxes as a source of general revenue, as their experience has been that the price elasticity of fuel is low, thus increasing fuel taxation has only slightly impacted on their economies.
5 See also edit References edit Hoeller,.;.