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Anthony, and named the location and river San Antonio in his honor.
There is evidence that cofradías in southern Campeche were involved in interregional trade in cacao as well as cattle ranching.
Hunt, Marta Espejo Ponce (1976).
Although the crown had ambitious plans for both the Toluca and Veracruz portions of the king's highway, actual improvements were limited to a localized network.From the beginning of the 19th century, the viceroyalty fell into crisis, aggravated by the Peninsular War, hyundai 50 gift card and its direct consequence in the viceroyalty, the political crisis in Mexico in 1808, which ended with the government of viceroy José de Iturrigaray and, later, gave rise.Spaniards founded new settlements in Puebla de los Angeles (founded 1531) at the midway point birthday gifts to kolkata between the Mexico City (founded 1521-24) and the Caribbean port of Veracruz (1519).In 1571, the city of Manila became the capital of the Spanish East Indies, with trade soon beginning via the Manila-Acapulco Galleons.The Spanish crown had engaged with Britain for a number of years in low intensity warfare, with ports and trade routes harassed by English privateers.Although this episode is largely forgotten, it ended in a decisive victory for Spain, who managed to prolong its control of the Caribbean and indeed secure the Spanish Main until the 19th century.Ida Altman., The Early History of Greater Mexico.100 Oñate pioneered 'The Royal Road of the Interior Land' or El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro between Mexico City and the Tewa village of Ohkay Owingeh, or San Juan Pueblo.Chicago, Illinois: University of Chicago Press.185 Farriss (1984),. .Moreover, efforts were made to keep the Amerindian cultural aspects that did not violate the Catholic traditions.74 Puebla's wheat production was the initial element of its prosperity, but it emerged as a manufacturing and commercial center, "serving as the inland port of Mexico's Atlantic trade." 75 Economically, the city received exemptions from the alcabala (sales tax) and almojarifazgo (import/export duties) for.

10, 1848, Cairo, Egypt viceroy ( vali ) of, egypt under Ottoman rule and a general of outstanding ability.In the 1680 Pueblo revolt, Indians in 24 settlements in New Mexico expelled the Spanish, who left for Texas, an exile lasting a decade.79 Philip Wayne Powell, Soldiers, Indians, and Silver: The Northward Advance of New Spain.Of Things of the Indies: Essays Old and New in Early Latin American History.Archer, "Antonio María Bucareli y Ursúa" in Encyclopedia of Mexico.267 Farriss (1984),. .The northern area of Mexico, a region of nomadic and semi-nomadic indigenous populations, was not generally conducive to dense settlements, but the discovery of silver in Zacatecas in the 1540s drew settlement there to exploit the mines.
The First Audiencia was headed by Hernán Cortés 's rival Nuño de Guzmán, who used the court to deprive Cortés of power and property.
Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Once missions and protective presidios were established in an area, large land grants encouraged settlement and establishment of California ranchos.
The Villa of Tehuantepec became a center of Spanish and mixed-race settlement, crown administration, and trade.